site est. 2022


about ICM

About ICM



Intentional Camera Movement, or ICM, may appear as a new photographic technique, with many photographers experimenting with it since around 2019, and sharing their practice records and works on YouTube and Instagram. Nonetheless, this technique is not novel.

Freeman Patterson, a Canadian nature photographer and writer born in 1937, described the practice of “moving the camera while releasing the shutter” (e.g., jumping while photographing trees) in his 1985/07 book, “Photography and the Art of Seeing.” He described the technique of capturing photographs by moving the camera while releasing the shutter, such as photographing trees while jumping, and practiced it repetitively. In other words, this technique has already become a classic.

Photography was initially about fixing the camera, finding the focal point, and releasing the shutter. Freeman, however, challenged this
traditional approach, and quickly moved the camera to capture the afterimage of light.

Inspired by “photography and the art of sight,” I began a challenge: to capture the hustle and
bustle of the city as trails of light instead of trees.
For instance, as a person’s figure moved in front of my camera, I’d sensitize and record it as a faint afterimage. It’s akin to an uncertain but nostalgic afterimage stored in the human brain.

ICM is fascinating, fresh, and exhilarating, but more demanding than expected.
Forty years later, I am exploring the fascination of ICM and challenging myself to find a personalized way of expressing it. I am taking my time, moving slowly without rushing.

In October 2011, Freeman Patterson’s “Photography and the Art of Seeing” was re-released.
WIKIPEDIA Freeman Patterson

Anyway, move the camera!

Now, let’s get straight to the point!
ICM photography involves intentionally moving the camera while taking a photo, creating a
blurred effect that becomes the main subject of the image.
To achieve this, simply slow down the shutter speed and move the camera either horizontally, vertically, or by rotation.
The outcome achieved greatly differs depending on how the camera is moved, including its direction, speed, and extent of movement. For instance.

  • Panning is a cinematic effect achieved by horizontally moving the camera to align with the subject in motion, which causes the subject to appear sharp while blurring the background.
  • Vertical effect involves moving the camera vertically to create a vertical blur. This effect is suitable for capturing tall buildings, trees, and other similar subjects.
  • Rotation effect, on the other hand, involves rotating the camera to create a circular blur. The subject at the center is highlighted.
  • Zoom Burst is achieved by adjusting the focal length of the camera’s zoom function while shooting, creating a blur that emanates from the center. This effect creates the impression of movement towards the subject.

City and ICM

In May 2022, I tried to photograph ICM from the side of a pedestrian crossing in front of Yokohama Station. It was my first ICM attempt in several decades.
The camera itself was the Canon EOS 5D mark II (released in November 2008), the successor to the EOS 5D released in October 2005.
I had switched from Nikon after over 20 years because of the ease of use of the 5D Mark II. The 21.1 megapixel, 35mm full-frame CMOS sensor was a revolutionary capability at the time, with normal ISO sensitivity settings from 100 to 6400 and extended settings to ISO 50, 12800, and 25600, 25600. excellent resolution and delicate tonal gradations were achieved.
The lens I chose for the day was the Zeiss PlanarT*1.4/50mm ZE, which I have also used for many years. It is a lens that I trust to express an image accurately.

Around 3:00 p.m. after the rain, I set up my tripod out of the way of pedestrians, attached a variable ND 2-32 to adjust the light level, and released the shutter using the stopwatch on my iPhone as a guide. I wanted to capture the dynamic mass of the group crossing the crosswalk.

Yokohama.Multiple #3495.Exposure+ICM – Monday, May 16, 2022 17:23
Yokohama #3469. Monday, May 16, 2022 16:41
ss 42sec. F16 ISO200 / triple exposure + ICM
#3518- Monday, May 16, 2022 at 17:30
ss 9.0sec. F16 ISO200 / ICM

ICM on the beach

After we finished taking photos in front of Yokohama Station, we often thought about the situation. There was too much information and noise, so the theme became unclear. What were they trying to express? It’s too boring.
If it’s in black and white, I’d like to aim for a more poetic expression. I tried to simplify the picture by removing excess elements and adding the right amount of composition.
After about a month, I went to the beach at sunset to avoid crowds.
I used a single exposure and moved the camera to capture the sea, sky, and beach.

ND 20, with a 30-second exposure time.
Cover a part of the lens with a finger or small black plate during exposure. Then, adjust the position and amount of incoming light while panning.
f16, exposure time 15 sec, ND8.
A moment before sunset, when the light illuminated the ridgeline, I captured its essence with minimal panning.
ICM-Kamakura-Zaimokuza Beach-Sunset_2022
ICM-Kamakura-Zaimokuza Beach-Sunset_2022 #IMG_4795(gray)
f8, exposure time 20 sec, ND10
I use a combination of ICM and multiple exposures.
First, I pan-and-tilt the model’s back three times, using my palm as a shutter release.
Then I turned the lens to the feet and captured the light reflecting off the tide pools in a quick licking motion.
The bulb time was about 20 seconds.


I love the word “peninsula.” The borders between land
and sea don’t change, but I prefer the cliffs at the end of them.
The rocky shore, carved by the waves, is under my feet. The rocky shore, carved by the waves, is under my feet. The wind’s roar covers me entirely. The rocky shore, carved by the waves, is under my feet. Sometimes, when it’s rough outside, the waves’ foam pours over my face.
With only one step forward, your body can swim through the ages, and your life will be over.

The photo was taken at Jōgashima Island in Kanagawa Prefecture. I’ve been to this place many times since I was
12 years old.
Every time, I come back to look at the horizon, feel the wind, listen to the waves, and think about myself.

People’s thoughts can change the way coastlines look. But here, on the cliff’s sturdy reefs at the end of the peninsula, we’re powerless.
Life is temporary, changeable, and fleeting. However, the strong and exposed natural environment remains unchanged.
Standing in such a location reminds me of my position in the world.

I.C.M. – Peninsular
Jan. 3, 2024



ICM(Intentional Camera Movement)は斬新な手法に見えるかもしれない。特に2019年頃から多くのカメラマンたちがICMにチャレンジしている。YouTubeやインスタグラムには彼らの実践記録や作品がアップされている。しかしこの手法は決して斬新なものではない。

1937年カナダ生れ、自然写真家・ライターのフリーマンパターソンは彼の著書”Photography and the Art of Seeing”(1985/07)で「カメラを動かしながらシャッターを切る」(ジャンプしながら樹木を撮影する)技法に触れ、実践を繰り返していた。つまりこの技法はすでに古典的技法と言っても良いだろう。




Photography and the Art of Seeing” は2011年10月再販されました。
WIKIPEDIA Freeman Patterson


くどいようだがICMとはIntentional Camera Movement、つまり「意図的にカメラを動かして撮影する」手法です。

  • パニング:カメラを水平に動かして、動いている被写体に合わせることで、被写体をシャープに、背景をぼかす効果。
  • ローテーション:カメラを回転させて、円形にぼかしを作る効果です。中心にある被写体が強調されます。
  • バーティカル:カメラを垂直に動かして、上下にぼかしを作る効果です。高い建物や木などに向いています。
  • ズームバースト:カメラのズーム機能を使って、撮影中に焦点距離を変えることで、中心から外側に向かってぼかしを作る効果です。被写体に向かって動いているような印象を与えます。


カメラ本体は2005年10月に発売されたEOS 5Dの後継機種ののCanon EOS 5D mark II (2008年11月リリース)。
私はこの5D Mark II の使い勝手が良く、20年以上続いたNikonから乗り換えていた。2110万画素、35mmフルサイズCMOSセンサーは当時としては画期的な能力を持っていた。ISO感度の常用設定値は100〜6400、拡張設定によりISO50、12800、25600。解像度が優れ、繊細な階調を得ることができました。
この日選んだレンズはZeiss PlanarT*1.4/50mm ZE。これも長年愛用してきた。イメージを的確に表現できる信頼のレンズです。

雨あがりの午後3時頃、歩行者の邪魔にならない位置に三脚を据え、光量調節のため可変ND 2〜32を装着。iPhoneのストップウォッチを目安にレリーズでシャッターを切る。ICMだけでなく長時間露光あるいは多重露光を併用して横断歩道を渡る群像のダイナミックな塊を捉えようと考えました。

Yokohama.Multiple #3495.Exposure+ICM – Monday, May 16, 2022 17:23
Yokohama – Monday, May 16, 2022 16:41
ss 42sec. F16 ISO200 / triple exposure + ICM
Crossing #3505- Monday, May 16, 2022 at 17:38
ss 4.0sec. F16 ISO200 / Bulb + ICM
#3518- Monday, May 16, 2022 at 17:30
ss 9.0sec. F16 ISO200 / ICM



ICM-Kamakura-Zaimokuza Beach-Sunset_2022
ICM-Kamakura-Zaimokuza Beach-Sunset_2022 #IMG_4795(gray)
f8, exposure time 20 sec, ND10





I.C.M. – Peninsular
Jan. 3, 2024